encompasses 18 federal constituent entities of the Russian Federation: Belgorod Region, Ivanovo Region, Kaluga Region, Kostroma Region, Kursk Region, Lipetsk Region, Moscow, Moscow Region, Orel Region, Ryazan Region, Smolensk Region, Tambov Region, Tula Region, Tver Region, Vladimir Region, Voronezh Region, and Yaroslavl Region. The district’s administrative centre is the city of Moscow.
The Central Federal District is located in the European part of Russia, has an area of 652.7 thousand square kilometres (3.8 percent of Russia’s territory) and a population of 37.3 million people (25.5% of the nation’s inhabitants). Major European rivers, including the Volga, Don, and Dnieper, originate on the district’s territory.
The district’s main natural resource is the iron ore at the Kursk Magnetic Anomaly (KMA) – the most powerful iron ore basin in the world which is estimated to contain deposits of 200 to 210 million tonnes, or about half of the planet’s iron ore reserves and is located within the Kursk, Belgorod, and Orel Regions.
Engineering and metalworking are leading sectors of the CFD’s industries. Other well-developed sectors include the rocket and space industry, aircraft engineering, the electronic and radio sector, railway trains manufacturing, and the chemical industry. 30% of the nation’s light industry output is generated in the CFD.