Under the agreement, the two countries undertake, on a reciprocal basis and provided the conditions set firth in the agreement are met, to extradite upon request individuals located on the territory of one of the parties for criminal prosecution or to serve a sentence in the requesting country for crimes that call for extradition. Crimes that call for extradition are acts, which in accordance with both parties’ legislation are punishable offences that entail criminal penalties in the form of a term of imprisonment of at least one year or a more serious penalty.
The agreement contains rules different to those in Russia’s legislation. In particular, extradition requests can be turned down if the country to whom the request is made thinks that extradition would harm its sovereignty, security, public law and order or other significant interests. Russia’s Criminal Procedure Code does not contain provisions for refusal of an extradition request on such grounds.
The agreement does not apply to matters governed by the Treaty on the Eurasian Economic Union and is not in contradiction with any of Russia’s other international agreements.