The Federal Law creates a legal foundation for establishing a special legal regime for the territories of big cities with a high population density.
Under the Federal Law, green parkland belts may be created to respect the right of citizens to a pleasant environment. These belts represent zones with restrictions on the use of nature resources and other economic activities and include territories covered by forests and parks within the limits of urban residential areas that are adjacent to said forests or form together a single natural environment.
The federal law determines, in part, the procedure for creating green parkland belts, the special protection regime for the natural features on their territory, and envisages liability for violating the regime of economic and other activities and other administrative offenses committed in green parkland belts.
In addition, the federal law regulates issues of public oversight over environmental protection (public ecological monitoring).