The two Presidents first met one-on-one and were then joined by the Russian and Turkish delegations.
Mr Putin and Mr Sezer discussed in particular the development of bilateral trade and economic contacts, including in the oil and gas sector.
The two Presidents discussed the outlook for settlement in Iraq and the Middle East, the situation with the Iranian nuclear programme, the situation in the Trans-Caucasus and the issue of Cyprus.
Also on the agenda was increased cooperation in the fight against international terrorism, including in the North Caucasus, organised crime and illicit drugs trafficking.
The two leaders also exchanged views on bolstering the role of the United Nations, combating new threats and challenges to peace and stability and ensuring the supremacy of international law.
Following the talks the heads of state made press statements.
The Turkish President is on a three-day official visit to Russia.