The draft State Duma Resolution On Declaring an Amnesty in Connection with the 70th Anniversary of Victory in the Great Patriotic War of 1941–1945 envisages amnesty for those individuals suspected and accused of and sentenced for committing crimes. The amnesty will apply to individuals who were sentenced for the first time for intentional moderately severe crimes with certain merits to the country. The amnesty is to cover those who took part in combat action to defend the Fatherland and those who performed their military duty in Afghanistan or other countries where combat action took place (124 people); servicemen, employees of law enforcement agencies and civilian staff who took part in performing tasks in the armed conflict conditions in the Chechen Republic during the anti-terrorist operation in the North Caucasus region (23 people); and individuals who took part in relief efforts following the accident at the Chernobyl nuclear power station and those who were affected by radiation from that accident (3 people).
It is also suggested that the amnesty is to apply to the most socially vulnerable people: minors (100 people); women with underage children and (or) disabled children, pregnant women (867 people); single fathers raising underage children and (or) disabled children (40 people); men over 55 and women over 50 years of age (600 people); individuals with category I and II disabilities and those with an active form of tuberculosis or oncological illnesses (478 people).
The resolution also envisages the release of those who have been sentenced to terms of 3 to 5 years for inadvertent crimes (3,300 people) and underaged individuals sentenced to terms of 3 to 5 years for wilful misconduct who had not served sentences before (400 people).
To be released from imprisonment are also those who have less than one year to serve (up to 50,000 people).
Under the draft resolution, those on probation, those whose remaining term has been replaced by a milder punishment or the imprisonment has been postponed and those who were sentenced to punishment that does not involve imprisonment (up to 200,000 people) will also be released.
According to preliminary estimates, the amnesty may affect up to 60,000 people sentenced to prison terms and up to 200,000 people on probation, or whose remaining term has been replaced by a milder punishment or the imprisonment has been postponed and those who were sentenced to punishment that does not involve imprisonment.
The amnesty shall not apply to those who committed severe crimes (murder, violent crimes, terrorism, extremism, kidnapping, fraud, bribe taking, crimes against children and drug related crimes) and some other categories of offenders.