The two presidents continued to exchange views on the situation in Syria. They agreed to intensify joint efforts to implement the memorandum on stabilisation in Idlib, which was signed in Sochi on September 17, 2018. They also emphasised the importance of the efforts the Astana process guarantor countries are making to promote the intra-Syrian dialogue.
Vladimir Putin and Recep Tayyip Erdogan discussed Russian-Turkish cooperation in the context of the outcome of their meeting in Istanbul on November 19, 2018.
They also exchanged views on stability and security in the Black Sea region in light of the dangerous incident in the Kerch Strait that was provoked by the Kiev authorities.