The draft Federal Law On Security (hereinafter the draft bill) defines the basic principles of national security, public security, environmental security, personal security and other types of security provided for by the legislation of the Russian Federation.
The draft bill also specifies the scope of activities designed to ensure security, the relevant powers of the President of the Russian Federation, Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation, Government of the Russian Federation and federal executive bodies, as well as the duties of the regional authorities of the Russian Federation and local authorities with regards to security.
The draft bill specifies the status of the Russian Federation Security Council in accordance with Article 83 of the Constitution of the Russian Federation.
In accordance with the draft bill, the Security Council of the Russian Federation is a constitutional advisory body which provides the information underpinning the decisions of the President of the Russian Federation on security and defence matters, military capability development, defence production, military technical cooperation between the Russian Federation and foreign states, and other issues relating to the protection of the constitutional order, sovereignty, independence and territorial integrity of the Russian Federation, as well as on international security cooperation.
As provided for in the draft bill the main tasks of the Russian Security Council include: guaranteeing the conditions so that the President of the Russian Federation can exercise his or her authority on security matters; elaboration of public policy in the field of security and monitoring its implementation; projection, detection, analysis and evaluation of security threats, assessment of the likelihood of war and military threats, the development of measures to neutralise these threats, as well as a range of other tasks.
The draft bill also lists the duties of the Security Council of the Russian Federation, its composition and the way its activities are organised.