The 2011 Russian Federation National Award in Science and Technology is conferred to Feliks Mitrofanov for providing the scientific evidence for and facilitating the discovery of large platinum-palladium ore deposits on the Kola Peninsula
Feliks Mitrofanov (born 1935), academician of the Russian Academy of Sciences, research director at the Kola Scientific Centre’s Geological Institute.
Mr Mitrofanov is a prominent geologist and leading specialist in the geology of ancient Earth formations, who has devoted more than 30 years to studying the Kola Peninsula and Fennoscandia. The theoretical and practical results of his work have made an immense contribution to strengthening Russia’s mineral raw materials base.
Mr Mitrofanov laid the theoretical grounds and then conducted large-scale exploration work (still going on today) to confirm the presence of platinum group metals similar to those found in Bushveld in South Africa, in the Kola Peninsula’s Fyodorovo-Pana area.
A team of scientists working under Mr Mitrofanov’s direction completed geological exploration work at two big deposits (Fyodorovo Tundra and Kievey), which have added around 410 tons of platinum metals and gold to Russia’s national reserves in 2008. Mr Mitrofanov has established that taking exploration work at Kievey down to a depth of 500 metres would produce a 6-fold increase in platinum and gold available deposits.
The summit of achievement for Mr Mitrofanov and his team was the discovery of the Eastern Scandinavian platinum ore province. Unique in its scale in Europe, it covers more than 200,000 square kilometres in the Kola peninsula, Karelia and eastern Finland.
Using their comprehensive studies (geological, mineralogical, isotope and others), Mr Mitrofanov and his team have devised a method making it possible to make reliable estimates of an ore deposit’s potential without having to carry out costly drilling work and big geochemical studies at the early stages.
The 2011 Russian Federation National Award in Science and Technology is conferred to Rem Petrov and Rakhim Khaitov for their outstanding achievements in theoretical and practical development of immunology in Russia
Rem Petrov (born 1930), academician of the Russian Academy of Sciences, the Russian Academy of Medical Sciences, and the Russian Academy of Agricultural Sciences, research director at the Institute of Immunology, holder of the title Hero of Socialist Labour.
Rakhim Khaitov (born 1944), academician of the Russian Academy of Sciences and the Russian Academy of Medical Sciences, professor, director of the Institute of Immunology.
Mr Petrov and Mr Khaitov’s discoveries and achievements over their 40 years of work together have helped to develop modern immunology in Russia and the world.
Mr Petrov and Mr Khaitov have carried out a number of advanced studies that have laid the foundations for long range genetic diagnosis, treatment methods for autoimmune and oncological diseases, and for developing new medicines. The two scientists developed the first artificial antigens – nanostructures that mobilise the immune system’s potential. They have also developed and used in medical practice effective new immunomodulators and nanovaccines against a number of infectious diseases of importance for public health, and have produced a principally new class of medicines for immune-therapy treatment of allergies.
Mr Petrov and Mr Khaitov have surveyed immunity and allergies among large groups of adults and children and created an immunological map of Russia.
The 2011 Russian Federation National Award inr Science and Technology is conferred to Boris Trofimov, Valery Charushin, and Oleg Chupakhin for their major contribution to developing organic synthesis and innovative technologies for producing medicines and therapeutic substances, including special purpose substances
Boris Trofimov (born 1938), academician of the Russian Academy of Sciences, professor, director of the Alexei Favorsky Irkutsk Chemistry Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences’ Siberian Branch.
Valery Charushin (born 1951), academician of the Russian Academy of Sciences, professor, president of the Russian Academy of Sciences’ Urals Branch, director of the Russian Academy of Sciences’ Urals Branch’s Institute of Organic Synthesis.
Oleg Chupakhin (born 1934), academician of the Russian Academy of Sciences, professor, research director at the Russian Academy of Sciences’ Urals sBranch’s Institute of Organic Synthesis.
Mr Trofimov, Mr Charushin, and Mr Chupakhin are well-known specialists in fine organic synthesis. Their work has led to the discovery of reactions and reagents with broad potential for designing new chemical substances.
The results of their research include the development of new magnetic-active compounds (for use in magnetic resonance tomography (MRT)), catalysers, corrosion inhibitors, organic semiconductors, sensors, optoelectronic devices, and components for lithium and polymer zinc accumulators. They have developed technology for producing crucial substances for the perfume and pharmaceutical industries, the agrochemical and nuclear energy sectors, and have developed a number of innovative medicines (antivirus, antitumoral, vulnerary, antibacterial, antidotes to carbon monoxide and so on), and special purpose substances (explosives in particular) with unique properties.
The 2011 Russian Federation National Award in Science and Technology is conferred to Sergei Boyev, Sergei Saprykin and Valery Karasev for designing and building high-level missile attack early warning radar stations
Sergei Boyev (born 1953), professor, general director of the Alexander Mints Radio-Technical Institute (RTI), general designer at RTI, general designer of high-level radar stations, general designer of missile attack early warning systems.
Sergei Saprykin (born 1955), professor, general designer at the Long-Range Radio Communications Research Institute.
Valery Karasev (born 1940), chief designer of high-level radar stations at RTI.
Mr Boyev, Mr Saprykin, and Mr Karasev designed the Voronezh-DM new generation high-level radar station. The stations use the module principle, making it possible to change their configuration rapidly, replace old units, improve their combat potential, and, if needed, rapidly redeploy them to a new location.
Deployment of the stations is 3–4 times quicker than for the old stations, maintenance and operation costs are 4 times lower, and the number of service personnel required is more than 6 times lower. The Voronezh-DM stations will be a key part of Russia’s missile attack early warning system.
The stations feature a number of original new design solutions, advanced technology and projection methods that increase the stations’ protection against interference and boost their capacity to detect and identify targets.
Operating in automatic regime and in real time in a natural electromagnetic environment, the Voronezh-DM stations are highly effective at detecting, tracking, and classifying a wide range or ballistic, space, and aerodynamic objects, providing space control information, including on small-size space objects, and transmitting the information to the command posts. The Kaliningrad region station, for example, which went on duty at the end of 2011, makes it possible to monitor the entire European and Atlantic region.
The missile attack early warning system now includes three Voronezh-DM radar stations – the Kaliningrad Region station, one in Leningrad Region, and one in Krasnodar Territory. A fourth station will go on duty in Irkutsk Region to monitor the airspace over China.
The old early warning stations of the Dnepr, Daryal and Volga types will be replaced by new stations over the next few years, making it possible to monitor airspace over a range of more than 6,000 km. The new stations will make it possible to modernise and reinforce the missile attack early warning system’s ground-based facilities and will bring down operation costs.
The Voronezh-DM stations’ development led to solutions for a number of scientific and technical problems, produced original technical solutions and created promising new models of radar equipment that will significantly boost Russia’s defence capability and security even as work continues constantly to improve space and missile attack technology.