The draft Administrative Court Proceedings Code of the Russian Federation regulates procedures for administrative court proceedings in general jurisdiction courts.
The principles enshrined in the draft code are based on the rules of international law, including the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms, and on constitutional provisions on the right of every individual to judicial protection of their violated rights and freedoms, and the general principles of justice. Other countries’ practice in settling administrative court proceedings was taken into account in drafting the code.
The draft incorporates the latest advances in Russian legal science in public law and reflects the organisational division of state powers and the court’s role in the system of legal guarantees and checks and balances that ensures that all branches of power remain independent while at the same time working closely together. Judicial oversight of the other branches of power, carried out through the set procedures, is one of the means by which the system of checks and balances in the state power system functions in practice.
The draft federal and constitutional laws submitted to the State Duma set the date for the Administrative Court Proceedings Code’s entry into force, abolish a number of earlier legislative acts, and amend a number of laws in order to bring their provisions into line with those of the new Administrative Court Proceedings Code of the Russian Federation.