The Presidential Executive Office has been instructed to increase the funds distributed by the Presidential Grants Foundation, the operator of presidential grants for the development of civil society that support culture and art projects related to local history, folk art, and preservation of historical heritage.
The Government of the Russian Federation has been instructed to oversee the amendment of legislation concerning, in particular, the material security of pensioners; higher monthly payments to unemployed able-bodied parents (adoptive parents) or guardians taking care of children with disabilities; assistance to families with two or more children servicing a housing mortgage loan; and tax benefits for families with three or more children; tax exemption for incomes of regional and municipal museums, theatres and libraries; criteria for environmental tourism in specially protected natural territories; and strengthening laws around state nature reserves.
The instructions also concern incentives for medical workers to work in rural areas and cities with populations under 50,000; the introduction of a new primary care model (Thrifty Outpatient Clinic); the implementation of the Country Teacher programme from 2020, which would incentivise teachers to work in rural areas and towns with populations under 50,000; updating federal educational standards and curricula by, among other things, incorporating the priorities of Russia’s science and technology development.
The instructions also provide for connecting all general education institutions to high-speed internet by the end of 2021; establishing 15 research and educational centres by January 1, 2022; development of a national artificial intelligence strategy; stimulating the growth of investment in high-tech projects in the field of artificial intelligence, the internet of things, robotics and big data carried out by small and medium-sized businesses; creating protected Russian brands of environmentally friendly agricultural products, raw materials and food and promoting them on domestic and foreign markets; approving a general layout for the development of communication networks and data storage and processing infrastructure; and setting up two world-class children's rehabilitation centres in 2020–2024.
The Government, together with the State Duma, has been instructed to adopt, during the spring session of 2019, a federal law providing for air pollution emissions quotas in large industrial centres, as well as federal laws aimed at developing the digital economy. The Government, with the involvement of leading business associations, shall also oversee the amendment of legislation to cancel from January 1, 2021 all regulatory acts containing requirements that have to be checked for compliance when exercising state oversight, and introducing new standards containing updated requirements based on a risk-oriented approach and the current level of technological development in relevant areas.
The Supreme Court, together with the Prosecutor General’s Office, have been instructed to review the practice of qualifying offences under the Russian Criminal Code articles providing for responsibility for crimes in the sphere of economic activity, as well as the practice of applying the Criminal Procedure Code requirements for terms of detention as a preventive measure against suspects and persons accused of committing crimes in the field of business (entrepreneurship).
The Government, together with the Bank of Russia, has been instructed to take additional steps to reduce the interest rate on housing mortgage loans to 8 percent per annum or less; to ensure the creation of financial instruments, including credit, to support individual housing construction; to oversee the amendment of legislation granting mortgage holidays to borrowers finding themselves in difficult life situations – deferring repayment of the principal amount and interest on their housing mortgage loans.
Other instructions to the Government, together with regional executive authorities, have to do with various aspects of healthcare, in particular, health screenings and preventive check-ups, including cancer screening; introducing the practice of rendering state social assistance on the basis of a social contract; completion by 2021 of repairs and improvements at state and municipal educational institutions.
The Government of the Russian Federation, together with the Roscosmos State Corporation and the Government of Moscow, has been instructed to organise the creation of a National Space Centre, incorporating the head companies of the main rocket and space industry enterprises, design bureaus, and specialised structural subdivisions of research and educational institutions.
The Government, along with the Agency for Strategic Initiatives and leading public associations of entrepreneurs, has been instructed to organise the creation of a digital platform for complaints from business entities about pressure exerted on them by law enforcement agencies. The relevant instructions have been issued to the Interior Ministry, the Federal Security Service, the Prosecutor General's Office and the Investigative Committee.
The Bank of Russia, the Interior Ministry, the Prosecutor General's Office, the Investigative Committee and the Ministry of Justice have been instructed to take the necessary measures within their competence to prevent and curb illegal actions (fraud) against citizens in microfinance and the repayment of overdue debt.
The Government has also been instructed to secure funding to implement the measures provided for by this list of instructions.