The decree introduces changes and additions to the national security strategy adopted on December 17, 1997.
The new revised version determines Russia’s place in the world, its national interests and threats to its national security.
The increase in criminal activity was described as one of the threats for the first time ever. Changes in forms of ownership and intensifying struggle for power between ethnic and other groups have led to an increase in terrorism and organised crime. The decree noted that the fight against organised crime and corruption has not only legal but also political aspect.
Threats to Russia’s national security in the international sphere were apparent in attempts by other countries to resist Russia’s consolidation as a world power, preventing it from achieving its national interests and weakening its positions in Europe, the Middle East, the South Caucasus, Central Asia and the Asia-Pacific region. The strengthening of military alliances, mainly NATO’s expansion to the east, as well as the possibility of having military bases and large military contingents close to the Russian borders all present a threat.
Russia is determined to ensure its national security. The final part of the decree emphasised that established legal democratic institutions, the present structure of the state authorities, and the broad participation of political parties and public associations in carrying out the national security strategy were essential for Russia’s dynamic development in the 21st century.