Four 2.5-million-ruble Presidential prizes for young scientists were established in 2008. They are awarded for research results that contribute to advancing natural and technical sciences and the humanities and for creating new equipment and progressive technologies that will boost the knowledge-based development of the national economy, social sphere and defence capabilities.
The 2016 Presidential prize has been awarded to researchers in physics, mathematics and medicine.
Dmitry Blau, Yelena Lushchevskaya and Stanislav Poslavsky from the National Research Centre Kurchatov Institute have been awarded the prize for research into quark-gluon plasma using mega-installations and for developing the foundations of a new, highly productive computer algebra system for performing calculations in high energy physics.
Alexander Gaifullin, senior researcher at the Russian Academy of Sciences’ Steklov Mathematical Institute, has been awarded the prize for resolving fundamental theoretical problems concerning the theory of flexible polyhedra, which lays the foundations for developing robotics.
Alexei Dmitriyev and Anna Kudryavtseva from the Russian Academy of Sciences’ Engelhardt Institute of Molecular Biology have been awarded the prize for decoding new mechanisms involved in the emergence and development of the specific metabolism of malignant epithelial tumours.
Ilya Romanchenko, PhD in physics and mathematics, junior researcher at the Russian Academy of Sciences Siberian Division’s Institute of High Current Electronics, has been awarded the prize for developing high-power radio pulse gyromagnetic generators that can be used to defend against terrorist threats and develop biomedical technologies.